In the US particularly, but elsewhere as well, the possibility of regulations designed to mandate the neutrality of the Internet has been subject to fierce debate. Neutrality proponents claim that telecom companies seek to impose a tiered service model in order to control the pipeline and thereby remove competition, create artificial scarcity, and oblige subscribers to buy their otherwise uncompetitive services. The beginning of the 21st century saw the beginning of substantial debate on “open access” to the Internet and the related concept of “network neutrality”.This paper is a short introduction to some of the complexities of the debate, focussing on the difficulties of attempting to regulate rapidly developing technologies, as well as particular issues of price and market regulation in Australia.In Australia, most discussion has focussed on price and market regulation.However, many Australian opponents of network neutrality say that it is an American problem, irrelevant to Australia, because of different pricing models for the Australian broadband market.Those who are against Net Neutrality are generally made of telecommunication network organizations and/or ISPs (Owen 2007).
When the Internet was first invented, founders wanted to be sure that it was to provide a safe haven for the transportation of information without any biases.
Presently, the network neutrality paradigm governs the manner in which most data is transported over the Internet.
However, experts often question whether keeping such a policy remains reasonable.
Many believe net neutrality to be primarily important as a preservation of current freedoms. Vinton Cerf, considered a "father of the Internet" and co-inventor of the Internet Protocol, Tim Berners-Lee, creator of the Web, and many others have spoken out in favor of network neutrality. Opponents of net neutrality characterize its regulations as "a solution in search of a problem", arguing that broadband service providers have no plans to block content or degrade network performance. In spite of this claim, certain Internet service providers have intentionally slowed peer-to-peer (P2P) communications. Still other companies have acted in contrast to these assertions of hands-off behavior and have begun to use deep packet inspection to discriminate against P2P, FTP and online games, instituting a cell-phone style billing system of overages, free-to-telecom "value added" services, and bundling. Critics of net neutrality also argue that data discrimination of some kinds, particularly to guarantee quality of service, is not problematic, but is actually highly desirable.
Bob Kahn, the other co-inventor of the Internet Protocol, has called the term net neutrality a "slogan" and states that he opposes establishing it, but he admits that he is against the fragmentation of the net whenever this becomes excluding to other participants. Contents [hide] * 1 Definitions of network neutrality o 1.1 FCC broadband policy statement * 2 Development of the concept * 3 Proponents * 4 Arguments for network neutrality o 4.1 Control of data o 4.2 Digital rights and freedoms o 4.3 Competition and innovation o 4.4 Preserving Internet standards o 4.5 Preventing pseudo-services o 4.6 End-to-end principle * 5 Opponents * 6 Arguments against network neutrality o 6.1 Innovation and investment o 6.2 Counterweight to server-side non-neutrality o 6.3 Bandwidth availability o 6.4 Opposition to legislation * 7 Mixed and other views on net neutrality * 8 Legal situation o 8.1 Law in the European Union 8.1.1 Related events 8.1.2 Law in Germany 8.1.3 Law in Italy o 8.2 Law in the United States o 8.3 Law in Russian Federation o 8.4 Law in Chile o 8.5 Law elsewhere in the world * 9 Related issues o 9.1 End-to-end principle o 9.2 Data discrimination o 9.3 Quality of service o 9.4 Traffic shaping o 9.5 Over-provisioning o 9.6 Pricing models * 10 See also * 11 References * 12 External links Definitions of network neutrality At its simplest, network neutrality is the principle that all Internet traffic should be treated equally. Net neutrality advocates have established different definitions of network neutrality: Absolute non-discrimination Columbia Law School professor Tim Wu: "Network neutrality is best defined as a network design principle.