She reigned as goddess, to be adored only from a distance and to be spared the contaminating touch of earth.Isolated from society, her followers could only cast eyes upon her during traditional festivals.Examples of long-lived Old European societies include the Sesklo culture in Thessaly and southern Macedonia from c. No one before Gimbutas had systematically analyzed the rich symbolic imagery from Neolithic southeast Europe. 5300-4300 BC; the Karanovo sites in central Bulgaria from the early sixth to the mid-fifth millennium; and the Linearbandkeramik, spanning central Europe, c. Although distinctive cultures developed over a large geological region, Gimbutas and other scholars have described similarities in economy, social structure and ritual activities within the Neolithic period (Gimbutas 1956, 1974, 1989, 1991; Whittle 1985: 64; Milisauskas 2002).These investigations are among the most ambitious excavation projects currently in progress according to, among others, Colin Renfrew, Baron Renfrew of Kaimsthorn.In addition to extensive use of archaeological science, psychological and artistic interpretations of the symbolism of the wall paintings have been employed.
Profoundly shocked, their guest hastily withdrew, even though his host explained that: " among our people the relations between men and women are proper and honourable. [Our women] are not like those in your country." (in Cuoq, 1975, p.296).; also Çatal Höyük and Çatal Hüyük; from Turkish çatal "fork" höyük "mound") was a very large Neolithic and Chalcolithic proto-city settlement in southern Anatolia, which existed from approximately 7500 BC to 5700 BC, and flourished around 7000 BC.Çatalhöyük is located overlooking the Konya Plain, southeast of the present-day city of Konya (ancient Iconium) in Turkey, approximately 140 km (87 mi) from the twin-coned volcano of Mount Hasan.Excavation revealed 18 successive layers of buildings signifying various stages of the settlement and eras of history.The bottom layer of buildings signifies as early as 7500 BC while the top layer is of 5600 BC.