Some academic research suggests that they formed as a group under the influence of Ethiopian Christian monasticism in the fourteenth century (Kaplan 1992; Shelemay, 1986).The Beta Israel practiced a Torah-based, non-Oral-Law style of Judaism.
That antiquity helps explain why Ethiopian Jews airlifted to Israel during "Operation Moses" in 1984 had no idea about the holiday of Hanukkah, which commemorates events of the second century BC--long after their ancestors had left Israel.…
The observations for Georgian and Ethiopian Jews met his- torical expectations—Georgian Jews are an outgrowth from the Iranian and Iraqi Jewish communities, and Ethiopian Jews are an ancient community that had relatively few, if any, Jewish founders from elsewhere and existed in isolation for 2,000 years.
Nonetheless, the low FST between Sephardic and Geor- gian Jews suggests that the latter may have had significant contact with Turkish or Syrian Jews.
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