Social and academic controversy recently arose in response to the argument that Jeungdogaja (證道歌字), the metal type produced in Koryo, might be an earlier product than Jikjisimgyeongyojeol (直指心體要節), conventionally believed to be the first metal type ever manufactured, dated to 1377 A. The said issue of the metal types was preceded by a heated debate as to the authenticity of an art piece, Bbalraeteo (the Wash Place) painted by Park Su-geun, which was aucauctioned at KRW 4.5 billon, the highest price for an art auction in Korean history.
In this context, the cultural and art historical importance and its associated monetary value have fuelled the row regarding when the object was manufactured and in what way the year of the piece’s production could be scientifically confirmed.
Rasmussen et al., 2008; Bronk Ramsey et al., 2008; Davies et al., 2012; Kaiser et al., 2012; Reimer et al., 2013).
Collaboration between scientists within INTIMATE has led to the promotion of an integrative approach to chronology-building, using multiple dating methods wherever possible.
The INTIMATE approach is the key here, as only by using independently derived chronologies can we assess the reliability of comparisons between records (e.g. INTIMATE scientists have been at the forefront of developing key protocols for advancing this research over a number of years (e.g.
Brauer et al., 2014), and have pioneered methods for high precision dating of ice core, marine and terrestrial records (e.g. Synchronisation of palaeoenvironmental records over the last 60,000 years, and an extended INTIMATE 1 event stratigraphy to 48,000 b2k.
This course will focus on the following dating methods: Radiometric dating: radiocarbon including advanced applications (statistical analysis, reservoir effects), proper assessment of the data obtained. Geology: K/Ar, U-series isotopes, ESR relevant for archaeology.
Many different techniques can be used to measure bone fluoride content, but measurement by ion selective electrode is the easiest and simplest method available today.
Precise correlation between high precision palaeoclimate archives over the last 60,000 years is critical to gain a better understanding of the exact timing and, hence, mechanisms and impacts of past climate change.
The abrupt climatic changes in this time-frame occur at millennial to centennial scales and developing and integrating independent chronologies for proxy records with this level of resolution is a core goal of INTIMATE.
Specifically, the production date of prehistoric materials could only be assumed in accordance with the specific logical framework regarding the stream of time.
Chronology is the principle logical framework of archaeology to elucidate historical cultures and understand human beings and social groups.