The scammer may contact you by email, letter, text message or social networking message.
They will offer you a large sum of money to help them transfer their personal fortune out of their country.
At home, the tricksters enjoy notoriety with nicknames such as "Large" and "Capitalist" and are even admired as latter-day Robin Hoods by some in the impoverished West African country. nationals have lost up to 0,000 (215,862 pounds) each in scams in the past six months.
These scams are often known as 'Nigerian 419' scams because the first wave of them came from Nigeria.
The '419' part of the name comes from the section of Nigeria’s Criminal Code which outlaws the practice. Scammers may ask for your bank account details to 'help them transfer the money' and use this information to later steal your funds.
We are concerned by recent scam phone calls, claiming to be from the Department of Immigration and Border Protection, with the caller requesting money to progress visa applications.
The caller identifies themselves as an employee of the Department, and typically introduces themselves using a first name.