The agency was building up to the first moon landing; the Apollo program involved more than 34,000 NASA employees and 375,000 employees of industrial and university contractors.In March 1966, NASA officials told Congress that the 1959-72 "run-out cost" of the Apollo program would be an estimated .718 billion.Currently, NASA is supporting the International Space Station and is overseeing the development of the Orion Multi-Purpose Crew Vehicle, the Space Launch System and Commercial Crew vehicles.The agency is also responsible for the Launch Services Program (LSP) which provides oversight of launch operations and countdown management for unmanned NASA launches.Seen in the year-by-year breakdown listed below, the total amounts (in nominal dollars) that NASA has been budgeted from 1958 to 2011 amounts to 6.178 billion [Note: this total does not match the values of the table below, that shows 8.2 billion nominal dollars in that period] —an average of .928 billion per year.
“I don’t think people realized it would be so easy to do genomics on astronauts in space.” Scott Kelly spent 340 days in space in 2015–16, giving him a lifetime total of 520 days.
As a federal agency, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) receives its funding from the annual federal budget passed by the United States Congress.
The following charts detail the amount of federal funding allotted to NASA each year over its past fifty-year history (1958–2009) to operate aeronautics research, unmanned and manned space exploration programs.
And because the Kelly twins are just two people, the results may not be generalizable to others.
Still, the work is some of the most detailed molecular profiling ever done, involving some of the most physically demanding environments.