· Incest is twice as likely among daughters and sons of alcoholics.
Chronic Stress Can Pound Away at Our Immune System When human beings are highly stressed, our muscles experience increased blood flow and we have spurts of adrenaline to enable us to flee for safety or stand and fight.
How much of the impact is attributable to income changes consequent on parental separation?
What are the mechanisms that link family structure and family change to child outcomes?When we can do neither, which is so often the case with children in highly stressful homes, those stress chemicals are left to boil up inside of us and they can cause anything from thinning hair to heart disease. Experiences like growing up with parental addiction and the chaos and stress that surround it pop up over and over again as primary causes of toxic stress. Today's essay concerns the important contribution of the Family Systems school.Family Systems practitioners are the ecologists in my scheme for describing the various schools (Philosophers, Engineers, Ecologists and Gnostics: Four Approaches to Psychotherapy).