The fairy tales of Hans Christian Andersen (1805–1875), the philosophical essays of Søren Kierkegaard (1813–1855), the short stories of Karen Blixen, penname Isak Dinesen, (1885–1962), the plays of Ludvig Holberg (1684–1754), modern authors such as Herman Bang and Nobel laureate Henrik Pontoppidan and the dense, aphoristic poetry of Piet Hein (1905–1996), have earned international recognition, as have the symphonies of Carl Nielsen (1865–1931).
From the mid-1990s, Danish films have attracted international attention, especially those associated with Dogme 95 like those of Lars Von Trier.
As in neighbouring countries, interest in folklore grew with an emerging feeling of national consciousness in 19th century Denmark.
Researchers travelled across the country collecting innummerable folktales, songs and sayings while observing traditional dress in the various regions.
In particular, the German Romanticism movement was based on the belief that there was a relationship between language, religion, traditions, songs and stories and those who practiced them.
Likewise, conflicts are solved by compromise and negotiation rather than force.
Christmas time is a true moment of hygge, as is grilling a pølse (Danish sausage) and drinking a beer on a long summer evening.
Danish folklore consists of folk tales, legends, songs, music, dancing, popular beliefs and traditions communicated by the inhabitants of towns and villages across the country, often passed on from generation to generation by word of mouth.
Feminine societies are traditionally seen to emphasize good relations, cooperation, charity, and modesty.
They consider family and safety as their most important values, and failure is regarded as an accident rather than a disaster.